It was the sudden dying of the sitting President in 1977 that necessitated the election for India’s head of state. That was the solely occasion when India’s President was elected and not using a contest, a file that continues until at present. A complete of 37 candidates had filed nominations, however it was Neelam Sanjiva Reddy who assumed India’s highest constitutional workplace.
The presidential election was necessitated by the sudden dying of President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed on February 11, 1977. Vice-President BD Jatti assumed the cost as Acting President, beneath Article 65(1) of the Constitution. As per the guidelines, an election to fill the emptiness in the workplace of the President was required to be held inside six months from the date of the prevalence of the emptiness.
However, crucial steps to fill the emptiness couldn’t be taken instantly as India headed into General Elections on February 10, 1977, which stretched on until May 13, 1977. After that, 11 states headed to Assembly elections in June-July.
Finally, on July 4, 1977, presidential elections had been notified and polling was set for August 6. As per paperwork from the Election Commission of India seen by News18, a complete of 37 candidates filed their nominations.
On scrutiny, the Returning Officer – then Secretary, Lok Sabha, Avtar Singh Rikhy, rejected the nominations filed by 36 candidates and Reddy was the solely legitimate candidate. Neither the preparation nor publication of the record of contesting candidates, due to this fact, grew to become crucial.
“After 3.00 p.m. on the last date fixed for withdrawal of candidatures, July 21, the Returning Officer declared the result of election under section 8(1) of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act, 1952 and Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy was declared elected unopposed. This was the first time when a candidate was declared elected to the highest office of the President of India without a contest (sic),” the ECI doc reads.
Section 8 of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act, 1952 states the process in contested and uncontested elections. It says that if there is just one candidate who has been validly nominated after the expiry of the interval inside which candidatures could also be withdrawn and the sole candidate has not withdrawn his candidature, the Returning Officer could declare that candidate to be duly elected to the workplace of President (or Vice-President, as the case could also be).
The announcement of Reddy’s election as the President of India was signed by the Chief Election Commissioner on July 21 and despatched to the Home Secretary. The Home Secretary learn the announcement at the time of assumption of workplace by the President on July 25, 1977.
During the 1977 presidential election, the complete electors had been 4,532, together with the elected members of Lok Sabha (524), Rajya Sabha (232) and 22 State Legislative Assemblies (3,776). Each Member of Parliament had 702 votes and the variety of votes for every Member of the State Legislative Assemblies differed from state to state on the foundation of the inhabitants.
The lowest worth of votes was for the MLAs from Sikkim (seven) and the highest worth of votes was for the MLAs from Uttar Pradesh (208). The worth of votes was calculated on the foundation of the 1971 Census.
In the 1969 presidential elections, Reddy was the runner-up with 3.13 lakh votes and VV Giri was elected as the President with 4.01 lakh votes.
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